We all know that the last few months have not been the easiest owing to the pandemic. Taking into account the difficulties that taxpayers could face while filing their returns, the Government has decided to extend the due date for filing ITR for FY20-21 as below:
|Filing ITR where Tax Audit is Not Applicable
|30th September 2021
|Filing ITR where Tax Audit is Applicable
|30th Novemeber 2021
However, if your net Tax liability is above INR 1 lakh, you still need to pay Self-Assessment tax before 31st July to avoid interest under section 234A.
What is Self Assessment Tax?
Self-Assessment tax refers to the outstanding tax dues that have to be paid by the taxpayer after considering TDS deducted and Advance Tax paid. In other words, it is determined after calculating total taxable income and subtracting deductions & taxes paid.
So does every individual have to pay Self Assessment Tax? Not exactly. Only taxpayers whose tax liability for a financial year exceeds taxes paid including TDS and Advance Tax have to pay this tax.
Taxpayers with Self Assessment Tax liability of more than INR 1lakh, have to pay their dues by 31st July 2021. A delay in paying the tax may attract interest under section 234A of the Income-tax Act.
Now, what about Advance Tax?
Any person whose Income Tax liability for the year is INR 10,000 or more is liable to pay Advance Tax. Now if you don’t pay your Advance Tax or pay less than 90% of the total tax liability, you will be liable to pay interest under section 234B. Under this section, you have to pay 1% interest per month (or part of the month) from April (beginning of the Assessment year) till the day you pay the tax.
Advance Tax has to be paid quarterly. The following table shows Advance Tax liability along with due dates
|Due date of Instalment
|% of Tax dues to be paid
|On or before 15th June
|15% of Tax liability
|On or before 15th September
|45% of Tax liability
|On or before 15th December
|75% of Tax liability
|On or before 15th March
|100% of Tax liability
In case you missed paying Advance Tax during the financial year, interest may be applicable u/s 234C
What if I miss filing ITR?
Failing to file your ITR within the due date comes with its repercussions. As already mentioned the government has extended the due date for filing ITR till 30th September for cases where Tax audit is not applicable. For cases where Tax audit is applicable, the ITR filing due date has been extended till 30th November.
However, if you fail to file your ITR by 30th September, then you will be charged a late fee under section 234F.
Under this section, a maximum fee of INR 10,000 can be imposed. For FY 2020-21 if ITR is filed after 30th September 2021 but before 31st December 2021 then a late fee of INR 5000 would be levied.
For returns filed after 31st December, a penalty of INR 10,000 would be levied.
The Income Tax department however has given some relief to the small taxpayers. For taxpayers whose total income does not exceed INR 5 lakh, the maximum penalty levied will be INR 1,000.
The IT Department launched the new e-filing portal and with that major overhaul, third parties involved in the ecosystem need to update their systems to enable e-filing.
But fret not Quicko is all but ready to roll out some exciting features in the coming month. Get ready to file returns like never before!